Guido Heineck studied economics at the Universities of Bamberg, Germany, and Jyväskylä, Finland. He received a Diploma (M.Sc. equiv.) in July 1998 and a Ph.D. in economics at the University of Bamberg in February 2004 for his dissertation "Do Catholic women with non-smoking husbands earn less in a second job? - Assorted topics in empirical labor economics" (supervised by Johannes Schwarze). Between October 2003 and April 2004, he worked as research assistant to John Komlos at the University of Munich's Seminar for Economic History. Between May 2004 and July 2005 he worked as research fellow at the Austrian Institute for Family Studies in Vienna, Austria. He worked at the chair of Regina T. Riphahn at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg from October 2005 to January 2009. Since February 2009, Guido Heineck is Head of the Research Department "Education and Employment over the Life Course" at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB).
Guido Heineck has published in Economics Letters, Journal of Socio-Economics, Labour: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Economics and Human Biology, Applied Economics Letters, Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, and Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung.